Armenia is an attractive country for world tourists. Although the country is not that big in size, it has a glorious history. Armenia’s natural beauty is as rich as its history and cultural heritage. Many tourists from different parts of the world visit Armenia every year to see the ancient culture and civilization of the world. This country is also famous for its natural beauty.
The official name of Armenia is “Republic of Armenia”. It is a landlocked country located in the South Caucasus region of Eurasia between Europe and Asia. The country is bordered by Georgia to the north, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the east and Turkey to the west.
So let’s know some more unknown and necessary information about the country of Armenia today.
Armenia is surrounded by several powerful countries. As a result, the country has to be repeatedly attacked by foreign enemies. The country alternated between Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Turks, Persians, Mongols, Georgia, and Russia. The western part of the country was occupied by the Ottoman Empire for a long time. At that time, Turks carried out indiscriminate genocide against Armenians. They take refuge in different parts of the world to protect themselves from this terrible genocide. And this is how Armenians settled in different countries of the world. Finally, on September 21, 1991, Armenia declared independence from the Soviet Union.
This country with an area of 29 thousand 743 square kilometers has a total population of about 3 million. It is the 138th largest country in the world.
The official language of Armenia is Armenian. 98 percent of the country’s population speaks Armenian. At the same time, about 90% of the country’s people can speak both Armenian and Russian fluently. But lately the dominance of English can be noticed in the country.
Christianity is the religion of about 95 percent of the country’s population. In 301 AD, Armenia became the first state in history to adopt Christianity as the state religion and overthrow the Armenian Church. The number of Muslims in the country is only about 3,000.
Yerevan is the capital and largest city of Armenia. It is the administrative, cultural and main commercial center of Armenia. It is also one of the world’s oldest, most populous, populous cities. It is a historical city of Armenia. Knowing this city well gives an idea about the whole country. A visit to the Armenian Genocide Monument in the heart of the city reveals the history of a nation’s bloody struggle for survival. As you walk along the city’s main Abovian Street, images of ancient Armenian culture become visible. Small and large cafes and restaurants are scattered along the roads of the city. The city is also known as Cafe of City to many. The Blue Mosque, the only mosque in the country, is located in this city.
The country has an upland continental climate. Summers here are hot, dry and sunny, lasting from June to mid-September. During this time the temperature is between 22-36 degrees Celsius. But in winter the temperature drops down to -10 degrees Celsius.
Politics in Armenia is governed by the framework of a presidential representative democratic republic. The President is the head of government and is also the head of a party in a multiparty system.
The 376 km long and 72.5 km wide Lake Sevan is one of the features of Armenia’s geography. The lake is located at an altitude of 2070 meters above sea level.
Armenia is one of the most homogeneous countries in the world. About 97 percent of the country’s population is ethnically Armenian.
The first church in the world was built in Armenia. Holy Ethymiadzin was the first state church built in the world in the early 4th century. Today this place is the headquarters of all churches in Armenia and is one of the most visited pilgrimage sites in the world.
Armenia was subjugated during Ottoman rule. They massacred the Christians. The Armenian Genocide was one of the worst genocides in the world. Around 15 lakh people were killed indiscriminately.
The rate of urbanization in Armenia is high. About two-thirds of the people here live in cities. Settlements are denser in river valleys, especially along the banks of the Hrazdan River. Armenia’s largest city and capital, Yerevan, is located on the banks of this Hrazdan River.
The education rate in the country is 100 percent. Here primary and secondary education is completely free and education up to secondary level is compulsory.
Basketball, football and tennis are popular sports in the country. However, on the international stage, Armenians have achieved success in wrestling, boxing, weightlifting and gymnastics.
After gaining independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, Armenia experienced an economic recession, but the country is gradually overcoming it. Currently the country’s economy is heavily dependent on foreign investment and aid. But the country has some other key economic sectors. For example, industrial sector, mining, construction sector, power generation, service sector are significant.
The official currency of Armenia is the Dram. 1 Armenian Dram is equal to approximately 18 Bangladeshi paisa and 0.15 Indian Rupee. The total GDP of the country is about $32.893 billion USD and per capita income is about $4,446 USD. The dialing code for Armenia is +374.